The United States Post Office – Survival – Then and Now

The actual Birth of the United States Post Office

In early colonial times most distance education took place between the colonists and England. The King’s specialists would read and scour all of the information and mail that had been being sent. Correspondence between the colonies depended on trusted pals, merchants, or friendly Native Americans.

Around 1639 Rich Fairbanks’ Tavern in Boston, Massachusetts was designated for the reason that official repository of mail by The General Court for Massachusetts (appointed by the King). Using taverns as ship drops was common practice in England, and the colonists implemented this practice as well. Local authorities designated by town distributors and England operated post routes within the colonies, several of which are still around today.

In 1673, Governor Francis Lovelace of New York set up a monthly mailing post between New york city and Boston. The post rider’s trail became generally known as Old Boston Post Road, which is part of today’s You. S. Route 1 . Old Post Road in Upper Attleborough, Massachusetts was part of this rider’s trail which is considered one of the oldest roads in America.

In 1683, Bill Penn, founder of Pennsylvania and a leader in the Quaker community, established its’ first post office. Slaves or non-public messengers delivered communications from one plantation to another.

Most importantly, Youngsters Neale received a twenty-one year grant in 1691 from the British Crown to begin a North American postal company. Neale had never laid foot on North American land, so he appointed then Governor Andrew Hamilton of New Jersey as his Deputy Postmaster General. Neale’s franchise’s cost him only 80 cents a year. In 1699, he assigned his interests in America over to Andrew Aberdeen and R. West. Neale died heavily in debt resulting from this endeavor.

By 1707, the British Government possessed purchased the rights to the North American postal service on the widow of Andrew Hamilton and R. West. The us govenment then appointed Andrew Hamilton’s son, Andrew, as Mouthpiece Postmaster General of America. He served until 1721 when he was succeeded by John Lloyd of Charleston, South Carolina.

In 1730, Alexander Spotswood, a former lieutenant governor of Virginia, became Deputy Postmaster General intended for America. Seven years later, Spotswood appointed Benjamin Franklin as postmaster of Philadelphia. In 1753, Bejamin Franklin and William Hunter who was postmaster of Williamsburg, Florida, were appointed by the British Crown as Joint Postmasters for the colonies. Upon Hunter’s death in 1761, men by the name of John Foxcroft of New York succeeded him, offering until the outbreak of the Revolutionary War.

During his time period as a Joint Postmaster General for the Crown, Benjamin Franklin influenced many important and lasting improvements in the ceylon posts. He immediately began to reorganize the service; they inspected post offices in the North and as far southern region as Virginia. New surveys were made, milestones were added to principal roads, and new and shorter routes were being laid out. For the first time, post riders carried mail at night involving Philadelphia and New York, and the travel time had been reduced in half.

William Goddard, a publisher, set up a posting for colonial only mail service. This was separate within the British crown and was funded by purchasing subscriptions. Online revenues were to be used to improve his postal service. Throughout 1774 Goddard suggested to Congress that the colonies agree to form a United Postal Service. He believed that it would be a way to separate the colonies’ mail from the Mediterranean postal inspectors. This way they could communicate colonial news and then the colonies. Goddard proposed his idea of a misiva service to Congress two years before the Declaration of Independence ended up being signed

By 1774 colonists did not trust the Language crown and viewed the royal post office with feeling. Benjamin Franklin had been dismissed of his post obligations by the Crown for his actions. The crown concluded that Franklin was displaying sympathy to the cause of the very colonies. In September 1774, shortly after the Boston riots, known today as the Boston Massacre, the colonies did start to separate from England. A Continental Congress was sorted out at Philadelphia in May 1775 to establish an independent govt. One of the first questions before the delegates was how to convey in addition to deliver the mail.

With the Revolutionary War imminent, the Ls Congress assembled and enacted the “Constitutional Post. very well This act ensured that communications between the public plus patriots, or those fighting for America’s independence, ongoing. On July 26, 1775, the Second Continental Congress decided to go with Benjamin Franklin as the nation’s first Postmaster General. The particular establishment of the organization that became the United States Postal Assistance nearly two centuries later traces back to this particular date and Ben Franklin. In 1760, Franklin reported some sort of surplus to the British Postmaster General.

Franklin dedicated themselves in this position, as well as many others, to fulfill George Washington’s imagine an information highway between the citizens and government. Similar to Goddard, whose idea was to become united, Washington concept, that as a nation, we could forever be bound jointly by a communication system of roads. When Franklin left place of work in November of 1776, post roads operated via Florida to Canada and mail between the colonies and even England was operating on a regular schedule.

America’s present day postal service descends from an unbroken line of the system Franklin made, planned, and placed in operation. History rightfully affords him or her major credit for establishing the basis of the postal service plan that has performed magnificently for the American people.

The Tn post office and the Articles of Confederation

The Articles of Confederation (our countries first written form of government) gave Our lawmakers the right and power to establish and regulate post places of work from one state to another, and to exact postage on papers passing through similar to may be required to so to defray expenses of the post office.

Typically the Postal Act of 1792 further defined the purpose of the Postal Service. Under the act, newspapers were authorized in the mails at low rates to promote the distributed of information across the states. To ensure the sanctity and privacy on the mails, postal officials were forbidden to open any albhabets in their charge unless they were undeliverable. These provisions enflamed and strengthened the duties of the Post Office and one the organization by providing rules and regulations for its development. One of which was the main transportation of mail. Other than by railroad or steamboat, the delivery of mail would only be given to visitors who offered stagecoach services.

Postal headquarters were found in Philadelphia until 1800, and then later moved to Wa, D. C… Officials carried all postal records, household furniture, and supplies from Philadelphia to D. C. throughout in two horse drawn wagons.

The Post Office plus the President’s Cabinet

In 1829, then President Andrew Jackson appointed William T. Barry of Kentucky to become the initial Postmaster General within a President’s Cabinet. However , the Office of the Post Office was not formally established as an executive office by Congress until June of 1872.

In 1830, an investigative and inspection branch of the Post Office was established and was led by P. S. Loughborough. Loughborough is known as first Chief Postal Inspector.

Up to 1845, snail mail was delivered by coach, railroad, or steamboat. This became abolished by Congress on March 3, 1845. This kind of act provided that the Postmaster General will lease most contracts to the lowest bidder who gave sufficient ensure of providing a faithful performance, without conditions, except to deliver for the “celerity, certainty and security” of the transportation about mail. These bids became known as “celerity, certainty, together with security bids” and were represented by three megastars known as star routes. Know more Located here